The Center for Enterprise, Exploration, and Defense in Space (CEEDS) identifies, assesses, and makes recommendations on policy issues related to the fundamental role of the government in space. CEEDS brings PIPS’ well-known objectivity to bear on the space domain to provide senior decision makers a better understanding of the complex policy options in this increasingly important sector. Our access to a wide network of experts within civil, commercial, and national security domains provides CEEDS with a uniquely comprehensive view of the policy challenges of the day.
For decades, the US has led the charge in space exploration. American astronauts were the first to land on the moon. NASA’s Pioneer, Galileo, Voyager, NEAR, and Cassini-Huygens missions continued to forge ahead: first to fly by Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune; first to orbit Jupiter and Saturn; first to land on an asteroid and first to land on Titan. These are but a few of the achievements of American deep space exploration over the last five decades. So what efforts are continuing today, and what does the future look like? On October 16, 2019, the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies’ (PIPS) Center for Enterprise, Exploration, and Defense in Space (CEEDS) held a seminar titled: “The Future of Deep Space Exploration” to examine and discuss issues related to the next steps in the manned and unmanned exploration of our solar system.
It is important to first understand why it is beneficial to continue space exploration. The exploration of space has been a beacon of US leadership since the first moon landing. It has increased American prestige and allowed the US to be the de facto leader in developing the norms of space operations. Space exploration is the perfect opportunity for international collaboration to strengthen partnerships. Like the expedition of Lewis and Clarke, it is the first step in a greater move into the solar system. Without exploration, there can be no return trips, and certainly no permanent home elsewhere in space. Space science missions also allow us to understand the origin of our planet, our solar system, our galaxy, and even the entire universe. Furthermore, as is evidenced by each previous space program the technological development necessary to complete ambitious scientific and manned expeditions directly leads to advancements in science and technology for the rest of society. However, most of all, continued space exploration has a unique effect on the human species, raising aspirations skyward and inspiring dreams in hearts and minds across all ages.
“The Future of Deep Space Exploration” panel participants offered visions for both manned and unmanned American space exploration for NASA, commercial companies, and research organziations like universities.
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On June 21, 2019, the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies’ Center for Enterprise, Exploration, and Defense in Space (CEEDS) held a seminar titled: “The Next Space Industry: Low Earth Orbit Commercialization” to examine and discuss issues related to low Earth orbit (LEO) commercialization.
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The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies is pleased to present a new report, American Space Enterprise and Security. The report recommends bold new policy to ensure US leadership in space in the realms of commercial enterprise, defense, and intelligence.
Driving American Enterprise and National Security in Space
American Space Enterprise and Security examines the essential role of the U.S. Government in laying the foundations for enterprise and economic development, by investing in infrastructure and R&D. It outlines the history of the space industry of today and advocates for continued investment in infrastructure and research needed to support commercial development of space.
Every major nation on Earth, and many corporations and consortia, are making major investments in space infrastructure and R&D. The space economy is projected to be worth $1-4 trillion by 2040. It will take leadership to ensure that America is at the forefront of the growing space economy.
American Space Enterprise and Security proposes a reorganization of the US national space program to ensure American leadership in this next space race. It includes a radical new vision for NASA as an enabler and driver of this economic boom. American Space Enterprise and Security declares that space will be a warfighting domain, and that the Department of Defense must begin preparing now. It also draws parallels between the military’s historic role in supporting commercial enterprise by providing security, and the coming need for security in the growing space economy. The report describes the need for intelligence capabilities to maintain awareness of activities in space to understand the intent of our adversaries, just as we do on Earth.
The contributors to the American Space Enterprise and Security report include Michael Swetnam, Dr. Jerry Krassner, Kathryn Schiller Wurster, Luke Koslosky, Chloe Hite, Erica Turner, Dr. Sara Usher, and Dr. Derek Denning, with contributions and ideas from a wide range of experts. This report is the inaugural product of the Potomac Institute’s Center for Enterprise, Exploration, and Defense in Space (CEEDS), formed to develop strategy and policy for space. This report was originally published as "Make America Great Again in Space.
About the Potomac Institute
The Potomac Institute for Policy Studies (the Institute) is a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the development and support of non-partisan analysis of technology and technology policy. The Institute has conducted studies that provide insight into the impact of new technologies on our society, the proper relationship between government and industry, and the future of the U.S. industrial base.
The International Space Station Commercialization (ISSC) Study was performed by the Institute, principally under a grant from NASA. Financial support was also provided by the Institute and other companies. We greatly appreciate these contributions, which made possible an interesting and meaningful study. Views expressed are those of the Potomac Institute for Policy Studies and are not necessarily endorsed by NASA or the other contributors.
We would also like to express gratitude to the more than two hundred people from industry, universities and government, who contributed their time and insights. Their views enriched the study immensely. Our Space Commercialization Experts Panel (SCEP) earned special thanks for guiding the study to fruition, and for helping to develop its findings and recommendations.
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Dr. Jerry Krassner
Board of Advisors:
Maj. Gen. (ret) Charles Bolden
Dr. Kathryn Sullivan